Wisdom tooth extraction and what to expect


The wisdom tooth removal procedure is surgical used to take out one or more wisdom tooth extraction the four permanent adult teeth found at the corners behind your mouth at the bottom and top.

If your wisdom tooth isn't able to expand (impacted wisdom tooth) and causes inflammation, pain or other dental issues You'll probably require it to be pulled. Wisdom tooth extraction can be carried out by a dentist or oral surgeon.

To avoid future issues dental surgeons suggest wisdom tooth extraction, even in the event that the impacted teeth aren't producing issues.

The reason it's done

Wisdom teeth that are erupting or impacted

Wisdom teeth that have been impacted pop-up box

Wisdom teeth, also known as the third molars, are considered to be the final permanent teeth that appear (erupt) within the mouth. They usually show up between 17 to 25. Some people never develop wisdom teeth. In other cases the wisdom teeth develop normally -- as the other molars didbut they do not cause any problems.

A lot of people suffer from wisdom teeth that have been impacted, teeth that lack the space to fully erupt into the mouth, or grow normally. The wisdom teeth affected by impacted eruptions may emerge just partially or completely.

A wisdom tooth that has been impacted can:

The angle of growth is angled towards that following tooth (second molar)

The angle of your mouth is angled towards the rear of the mouth

Develop at a right angle the other teeth like if that wisdom tooth were "lying down" within the jawbone

The teeth can grow straight up or down, just like the other teeth. However, they remain in the jawbone

Issues with wisdom teeth that have been impacted

It is likely that you will need to have your wisdom tooth that has become impacted to be extracted in the event of issues like:


The trapping of food and debris within the Wisdom tooth

Gum disease or infection (periodontal disease)

The tooth decay of an erupted wisdom tooth that is partially

The tooth may be damaged or bone

The formation of a fluid-filled sac (cyst) within the wisdom tooth

The complications associated with orthodontic treatment to align other teeth

Preventing future dental problems

Dental specialists are divided on the benefits of removing wisdom teeth that have been impacted but don't cause any problems (asymptomatic).

It's not easy to anticipate the the future consequences of wisdom teeth. But, here's the reason for preventing extraction:

Wisdom teeth that are not symptom-free could have a diseases.

If there's not enough room enough for the tooth pop out It can be difficult to reach it and clean it up properly.

The most serious issues with wisdom teeth occur less frequently when younger adults are present.

Older adults might have difficulty dealing with surgery, and may experience complications following the procedure.


The majority of wisdom tooth extractions do not result in long-term issues. However, the removal of impacted wisdom teeth can require an operation which involves cutting an incision through the gum tissue, and then removing bone. Sometimes, the complications be:

Dry and painful socket or bone exposing in the event that the blood clot from the post-operative procedure is removed from the site that was infected (socket)

Infection of the socket due to bacteria or food particles that have been trapped

The teeth of the nearby area are damaged nerves, jawbone, jawbone, or sinuses

How to 

The dentist can do the procedure in his office. If your tooth is severely affected or the procedure necessitates a surgical procedure that is deep Your dentist might recommend that you consult an orthodontist. Alongside having the area numb using local anesthetic, the surgeon might suggest sedation in order for you to feel more at ease throughout the process.

Questions to ask

You might be able to ask your dental or oral surgeon questions includes:

Which wisdom teeth require to be extracted?

What kind of anesthesia should I get?

How complex do you think to make the procedure?

What is the duration of process likely to take?

Do the wisdom teeth that are impacted caused harm in other dental teeth?

There is a chance that I could suffer nerve damage?

What other dental procedures might I require in the future?

How long will it take to heal completely and resume normal activity?

The preparation for surgery

The wisdom tooth extraction procedure is usually done in an outpatient manner. This means that you will go home the next day.

You'll be given instructions by the dental clinic or hospital staff regarding what you should do prior to your surgery as well as the day of the surgery. You can ask these questions:

Do I have to arrange for someone else to drive me home following the procedure?

What time do I have to get to either the dentist's clinic, or at the hospital?

Do I need to stop eating or drinking fluids as well (fast)? If yes, when should I start?

Do I need to have my prescription medication before the procedure? If yes, how long prior to the surgery should I begin taking a dose?

Do I need to avoid taking any non-prescription medications prior to the procedure?

What are the things you can anticipate

During the process

Your oral surgeon or dentist can use any three different types of anesthesia, based on the anticipated complexity of the wisdom tooth extraction as well as your personal comfort level. There are three options:

Local anesthesia. The dentist or the oral surgeon can administer local anesthesia using several injections close to the location of every extraction. Prior to receiving an injection your surgeon or dentist is likely to apply a chemical to your gums in order to reduce pain. The patient is awake during the extraction. Though you might feel some tension and movement but you shouldn't feel pain.

Anesthesia for sedation. The doctor or dental surgeon will give an anesthesia for sedation via in a vein (IV) line that is placed in your arm. Sedation anesthesia reduces the level of consciousness throughout the process. There is no discomfort and will have a limited recall regarding the treatment. In addition, you'll receive local anesthesia that will numb your gums.

General anesthesia. In certain situations you could be provided with general anesthesia. It is possible to inhale the medication through your nose, or place an An IV line within your arm or both. You then start losing consciousness. The team that performed the surgery closely watches your medication as well as your breathing as well as temperature, fluids, and your blood pressure. There is no pain or discomfort and you will not remember the procedure. Local anesthesia can also be administered to ease postoperative discomfort.

During wisdom tooth extraction, your dentist or oral surgeon:

Incisions are made through the gum tissue in order in order to reveal the tooth as well as bone

Removes the bone that block access to the tooth root

Separate the tooth into sections for easier removal by separating it into sections

The tooth is removed

Cleans the area of the tooth removed of any debris that may have accumulated on the bone or tooth

Stitching the wound shut can encourage healing, although this isn't always needed.

Place gauze on the site of extraction to stop bleeding and help prevent to prevent the formation of blood clots.

Following the procedure

If you're under sedation anesthesia as well as general anesthesia you'll be transferred to a recovery facility following the procedure. If you're experiencing local anesthesia, the short recovery will likely be in the dental chair.

When you are healing from surgery, be sure to adhere to the dental advice of your doctor:

Bleeding. A small amount of blood may be observed the day following wisdom tooth extraction. Be careful not to spit in excess to ensure that you don't rip the blood clot out of the socket. Replace gauze at the extraction site according to the instructions given from your dental professional or or surgeon.

Treatment for pain. It is possible to treat pain with an over-the counter pain reliever like Acetaminophen (Tylenol and others) or prescription pain medication prescribed by the dentist you see or your oral surgeon. The prescription pain medication can be beneficial in cases where the bone was taken out during surgery. Applying a cold compress to your jaw may also ease the pain.

The swelling and bruises. Apply ice packs according to the instructions of your surgeon or dentist. Any swelling in your cheeks will usually decrease in about two to three days. The bruising could take a few more days to disappear.

Activity. After surgery, make plans to take a rest for the rest days. Return to normal activities the next day, however during the first week refrain from any strenuous exercise that may result in the removal of the blood clot in the socket.

Beverages. Drink plenty of fluids following the procedure. Do not drink caffeinated, alcoholic hot, carbonated or carbonated beverages within for the next 24 hours. Do not drink through a straw for at least one week, as the sucking action could remove the blood clot out of the socket.

Food. Consume only soft food like yogurt or applesauce for in the initial 24 hours. Introduce semi-soft foods as soon as you're able to be able to tolerate these. Avoid chewy, hard hot or spicy foods that could get caught in sockets, or cause irritation to the wound.

Cleansing your mouth. Don't brush your teeth. wash your mouth or spit, or use mouthwash for the initial 24 hours following surgery. Most likely, you'll be instructed to brush your teeth again within your first 24-hour period. Be extra gentle around the surgical site when you're brushing and wash your mouth by using warm salt water every two hours after eating for the duration of a week.

Tobacco use. When you are a smoker, avoid doing it for at least 72 hours following surgeryor longer than that , if it is possible. If you use tobacco to chew avoid using it for at minimum a week. Consuming tobacco products following orthodontia can slow recovery and raise the likelihood of complications.

Stitches. There are times when stitches disintegrate within a few weeks, or you may have no stitches whatsoever. If you have stitches that need to be taken out, make your appointment for having them removed out.

When should you call the dentist

Contact your dentist or an oral surgeon If you notice any of the following symptoms or signs that may indicate an nerve injury, infection or any other serious issue:

Trouble breathing or swallowing

Excessive bleeding


Pain that is severe and cannot be relieved with prescribed pain medication

The swelling gets worse within two or three days.

Bad taste on your tongue that is not eliminated by rinsing your mouth with saltwater

Pus in or flowing from the socket

A persistent numbness, or loss of sensation

Nasal discharge


It is unlikely that you'll need another appointment following an extraction of your wisdom tooth If:

No, you don't require stitches removed.

There were no complications during the procedure.

It's not like you have persistent issues like swelling, pain bleeding, numbness or pain signs that may signal nerve damage, infection or any other issue.

If there are any issues, you should contact your dentist or an oral surgeon to discuss possible treatment options.


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